Quiz -Articles

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Quiz -Articles

Post  Admin on Tue Oct 12, 2010 9:49 am

Test yourself and review some structures. Very Happy
Articls (a/an/the) Quiz
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Re: Quiz -Articles

Post  farrah.f on Tue Apr 19, 2011 1:56 pm

76% . It was good but I have some problem again for example why we don't use the for".......Mount Everest is in the Himalayas" while Mount Everest is special name or why we must use an for "She did ..... MA in French literature" while MA start with m No
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Re: Quiz -Articles

Post  Admin on Tue Apr 19, 2011 6:42 pm

There are some special cases which you need to use "the". For example for single mountains we don't use "the" but for mountain ranges we do!
I said "some" cases, well... actually there are a lot! I'll put some of the here. keep in mind that you don't need to learn and know all of them at once!

- "M" starts with a vowel sound and so is proceeded by an. It's always about pronunciation and not spelling. Another example: "a European man" and not "an European man"!
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DEFINITE ARTICLE – USE AND OMISSION

Post  Admin on Tue Apr 19, 2011 6:48 pm

DEFINITE ARTICLE – USE AND OMISSION


USE


1. Before singular and plural nouns: the dog/ the dogs


2. Before nouns considered as unique: the weather/ the earth/ the sun


3. To refer to an object or person: open the window


4. With singular nouns that represent a class: the dog is man's best friend


5. With collective nouns and adjectives functioning as nouns: the aristocracy/ the poor


6. Geographic nouns: we use it with rivers, seas, mountains, plural names of countries and groups of islands: The Thames/The Red Sea/ The United States


7. Food: if the food is specified, we use it: the dinner in honor of the new ...
but the normal thing is to omit it.


8. Superlative and comparative: the greatest show on earth/ the harder you work, the more you earn


9. Ordinal numbers: he is the first boy to go to Oxford
"The" article is pronounced with dates and titles, but it is not written: Queen Elizabeth II (The Second)/ January 5th (the fifth)


10. With some proper nouns which omit one element: The Tate (Gallery)/ The Hilton (Hotel)


11. With newspapers: The Times/ The Guardian,
but magazines usually omit it: Time/ Life


12. Before those adjectives expressing nationality used as a collective noun: The German are very industrious


13. Art, music,..: we use it with the names of artists, musicians, ... to refer to their work: The Picasso recently acquired/ The Brahms was magnificent









OMISSION


1. Abstract nouns: love/ death/ life/ literature/ art ...,
butwe can use the definite article if the abstract noun is modified: the death of Mr Jones


2. We don't use it before "man" and "woman" used in a generic sense: man is finite, God infinite


3. Nouns with a generic sense: hats are in fashion this year


4.
We do not use it with verbs functioning as nouns: speaking in public is difficult for some people


5. Countries, cities: she went to Spain for her holidays, even if the noun is modified: Northern Ireland/ United Kingdom


6. Proper names: we do not use it even if it is modified: Young William
but we use it if the modification comes after the noun: Ivan the Terrible

titles do not use it: good morning, Miss Smith

but we can use it for a married couple: the Smiths have arrived

titles which refer to a profession do not use it: hello, Dr Brown. Sometimes we use it with a proper name to emphasize: that was the Mr Smith


7. The time: it is three o'clock


8. Food: we do not normally use it: lunch is served/ breakfast is on the table


9. Parts of the body and clothes (in English we prefer the possessive adjective): put on your coat/ take your shoes off


10.
Names like: home, school, hospital, university, church, market, prison, bed, work, sea, ... do not use article: let's go home/ he does not like school
butwhen the noun refers to the building itself, we use article: she went to the church to see him
some nouns like: theatre, office, cinema, museum, station, always use it: he goes to the cinema every Saturday


11. Seasons and expressions of time: we omit it before seasons: spring is the best time of the year
but we use the article for specific situations: I am going to Paris in the summer

nouns like: morning, afternoon, evening, night, day, dawn, ... do not use it when used in a general sense or with certain prepositions: if you get up at dawn you can see the sun rise

when the days of the week or nouns like: day, night, week, month, year, ... are preceded by 'next' or 'last', we do not use the article: I am taking my driving test next Monday


12. Familiar relationships: we do not use it before nouns like: father, mother, uncle, aunt...: Father has bought a new car


13. Streets, buildings, parks...: we do not use it before nouns formed by a proper plus a common noun: Trafalgar Square/ Hyde Park


14. Illnesses: most of them are not preceded by the article, but we can find them in some cases: Ann has (the) mumps/ Peter has (the) measles


15. Transports: some phrases use 'by' without the article: to travel by bus/ car/ train/ plane ...


16. Colours we do not use it when those adjectives function as nouns: blue is her favourite colour
but we use it when the colour is modified: the blue she chose to paint ...



I don't recommend that you try to memorize and learn these rules. If you ever faced a question and wondered why, then you can refer to this grammar guide! The use or omission of the definite article is very confusing, so there's no need to struggle with it too much. You'll learn the rules little by little. Don't worry! Even native speakers have problem using it correctly all the time! Wink
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Re: Quiz -Articles

Post  Naghmeh on Wed Apr 20, 2011 10:39 am

The grammar was interesting and confusing! Shocked
73%
No
Rolling Eyes
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